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Solar installations increasing in india. Use the experts at ADLER solar

The Union Cabinet Committee of Economic Affairs (CCEA) on Wednesday approved enhancing the capacity of solar park power projects to 40 GW by 2020. A total of 50 solar parks would be set up to meet the new target. Earlier the target was to set up 33 solar parks with a total capacity of 20 GW. The government aims to add 175 GW of solar capacity during same period.


Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI), a subsidiary of ministry of new and renewable energy (MNRE) would execute the projects along with the respective state governments. Land identification and selecting solar power developer would be the onus of the state governments.


The Centre would give a grant of Rs 25 lakh for preparing the detailed projects report. “We would also provide Central Financial Assistance of upto Rs 20 lakh per MW or 30 per cent of the project cost including grid connectivity cost, whichever is lower,” said Piyush Goyal, minister of state for coal, mines, power and new & renewable energy at a press briefing.


SECI would release the grant as per the milestones achieved. The current installed capacity of solar in the country stands at 9000 MW. “Today’s decision will contribute to long-term energy security of the country,” said Goyal.

Approval for 900 MW Arun-3 Hydro project by SJVN in Nepal
  • The Cabinet Committee of Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved investment proposal for generation component of 900 MW Arun-3 Hydro Electric Project in Nepal by state owned SJVN Limited.
  • The project culminated as Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the government of Nepal located in the Sankhuwasabha Distt. SJVN has been entrusted to plan, promote, organize & execute the Arun-3 Hydro-electric Project.


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solar power

Bright future for solar energy in india

The falling cost of solar energy technology is helping India increase its production of electricity.

Solar energy is electrical power captured from the sun. Last April, India’s energy minister Piyush Goyal reportedly said it is now less costly to produce electricity from the sun than from coal in his country.

The drop in the cost of solar power is also helping India reach its goal of producing more renewable energy.

The U.S. Energy Information Commission says India is the world’s fourth largest user of electricity. However, many of its people still do not have electricity.

India urgently needs to increase its electricity production. But, reducing the country’s high levels of pollution is also very important.


In an effort to meet both goals, the government plans to produce 100 gigawatts of solar power by 2022. A gigawatt is a measure of electrical power equal to one billion watts.

It’sthe size of 60 Taj Majals”

A few months ago, India launched the largest solar power plant in the world in the town of Kamuthi in the southern state of Tamil Nadu.

Global News agency describes the power plant as being the size of 60 Taj Mahals. The plant took less than one year to build.

The power center covers more than 1000 hectares of land. It is made up of 2.5 million individual solar panels. Together, the panels can produce as much as 648 megawatts of electrical power.

Adani Power, an Indian company, financed the building of the plant in Kamuthi.

The solar plant is not India’s only big effort to develop solar energy.

India’s solar mission

All over the country, there is evidence that India’s use of solar power is increasing.

In 2015, CNN reported that India became the first country to operate an airport completely on solar power. That year, the Cochin International Airport placed a solar plant on unused land near some of its buildings.

Now, the airport no longer pays electric bills. Instead, it plans to sell its extra electricity back to the state.

Other airports in India are also using solar power, including an international airport in Kolkata, which launched a two megawatt rooftop solar energy farm in 2015.

At the beginning of 2010, India launched the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission to increase renewable energy, which includes solar. By 2022, the government wants to produce enough solar electricity to power more than 60 million homes.

Last year, India joined the Paris Agreement. The U.N. agreement is a promise by almost 200 countries to help slow climate change by 2030. Part of India’s promise is to increase renewable energy to 40 percent of its total.

Claire Brunel is an assistant professor of economics at American University in Washington, DC. Brunel recently spoke to VOA Learning English about India’s solar growth.

“They’re building an incredible amount of solar and they’re fast becoming one of the biggest – the countries with the biggest solar capacity and definitely the biggest added solar capacity. I mean, they’ve overcome the U.K. already and they’re on their way to overcoming Italy. I mean it’s – it is pretty amazing.”

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has supported solar and other renewable energy sources. His government plans to increase solar power production from four gigawatts to 100 gigawatts by 2022, according to the World Resources Institute.

However, Modi’s main goal is to expand electricity production using all possible sources, including coal and other fossil fuels. Modi plans to double coal production by 2020, according to CNN.

When land is limited

The Indian government also wants to increase the use of rooftop solar panels. Cities are developing plans to use these panels to help make electricity service more dependable.

Cities like Delhi have already announced plans to place solar panels on the roofs of buildings throughout the city. For government and public buildings in Delhi, it will be a requirement. The Times of India reported that Delhi Metro, the city’s underground train service, will put solar panels on the roofs of some of its metro stations.

But, cities are not the only places collecting the sun’s energy on roofs. Rural communities are getting electricity from companies like Simpa Energy. The website ThinkProgress says Simpa and similar companies rent solar panels to individual customers. These panels provide electricity without being connected to central power lines.


Customers can add credit to their mobile phones to use the panels.

Other companies rent rechargeable solar lanterns to customers very cheaply.

Companies like Simpa are opening for business in states like Uttar Pradesh, one of India’s largest and poorest states.

Claire Brunel says that many developing nations are using rooftop solar panels to get electricity to rural communities, where electrical systems are not dependable.

The less-than-sunny-side

Yet, India still faces serious energy shortages.

The country’s energy needs are growing too fast to be met by renewable sources alone. India’s energy use has doubled since 2000, according to the International Energy Agency.

Brunel says that by 2040, an estimated 300 million people in India will need new electricity service.

New coal plants are being built to provide for this growing need. The country gets more than 60 percent of its electricity from coal. Reuters news agency says India has almost as much coal-related pollution as China.

Brunel says the country’s growing need for energy will affect whether it can reduce its levels of greenhouse gases.

“If – if solar is capturing the growth in electricity basically, then you’re not technically changing emissions. You’re just making sure that emissions are not increasing, but you’re not decreasing them either.




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India Wants To Be Solar Superpower & Reach 100% EVs, But Its Ambitions Still Aren’t Strong Enough

India aims to build 1 terrawatt of global solar power – four times the current worldwide total – and become a 100% electric vehicle nation by 2030. Those are great ambitions, but they still far short from what is needed for a true energy transformation away from coal, writes Dénes Scala of Lancaster University. Courtesy of The Conversation.

One of the world’s largest solar power projects has just been completed in southern India. At 648 megawatts (MW), the Kamuthi solar plant can generate as much electricity as most coal or nuclear power stations.

This is great news. But it must be only the start of an unprecedented Indian solar boom. For the country to achieve its Paris climate pledges, it will need hundreds more Kamuthis.

India has become one of the big names in renewable energy in recent years. The country championed the International Solar Alliance, an initiative launched a year ago at COP21 in Paris which is expected to be ratified at the follow-up COP22 in Morocco. It aims to mobilise US$1 trillion (£790 billion) to develop 1 terawatt of global solar power by 2030 – that’s four times more than the current worldwide total.

India has made a good start. Among its many ambitious policies include plans for more resilient grids and the deployment of large-scale energy storage to retain intermittent solar and wind power for when it’s needed. The country also aims to become, by 2030, a 100% electric vehicle nation.

All those newly-commissioned solar farms won’t be able to power the electric cars by themselves – and existing coal power plants will still be needed

Impressive renewable energy projects are springing up across India. Kamuthi’s completion means the state of Tamil Nadu now hosts both the world’s second largest solar plant and one of the world’s largest onshore wind farms. Even bigger solar plants are being built further west, in Kanataka state and in Andra Pradesh along the east coast.

This is all part of an ambitious plan to deploy 100 GW of solar power by 2022 (for reference, the current the global total is around 223 GW). The government has pledged tens of billions of dollars to these projects, while a very strong private and foundation grant-based movement is encouraging smaller-scale solar, including micro-grids and off-grid systems.

But India is still powered by coal

Huge headline-grabbing solar projects don’t tell the whole story, however. India’s energy generation remains among the least sustainable of the world’s large countries.

Fossil fuels, mostly imported, account for 75% of primary energy. More than 80% of its electricity comes from coal. India couldn’t replace that overnight – even if it wanted to, there aren’t enough wind turbines and solar panels in the world. The transition to renewable energy could take decades.

Ahead of the Paris conference last year, India pledged that, by 2030, coal would generate only 60% of its electricity. However, this is not because coal plants would be phased out, but because more solar and wind farms will meet growing demand. This won’t reduce the country’s emissions – it’ll simply decrease the rate at which they are growing.

Our scenario calls for 1,500GW of Indian photovoltaic generation capacity by 2030. This will be tough but is certainly not impossible

To further back up the idea that Delhi isn’t about to ditch fossil fuels any time soon, just look at the recent US$13 billion (£10bn) investment by Russia’s state-owned Rosneft in India’s Essar Oil, or early plans to construct a gas pipeline from Siberia to India worth US$25 billion (£20bn).

Even the electric car strategy isn’t as good as it first sounds. On the surface, the government’s plan to introduce subsidies and ensure all vehicles on the road are electric by 2030 sounds similar to proposals in Norway and Germany.

But there is a missing link in policy coordination somewhere: all those newly-commissioned solar farms won’t be able to power the electric cars by themselves – and existing coal power plants will still be needed. Effectively, India will replace petrol with coal and may even need to expand coal power: thus actually increasing emissions.

Can India turn things round?

To appreciate the scale of the challenge, let us compare a few different future scenarios for the country’s energy system.

In the chart below, A and B represent the predictions of the International Energy Agency and the US government respectively. Scenario C is India’s own pledges under the Paris agreement, including its solar plan – this is what the government is hoping to achieve.

Scientists have calculated there is a certain amount of fossil fuel we can safely extract in future while still staying within the 2°C carbon cap. This is the global carbon budget. In all four scenarios, we assumed that India would be allocated a very generous 50% of the global budget – yes, half of the world’s safely extractable fossil fuels – despite having just 18% of the population.

Yet even if India is “allowed” these generous emissions, it will still need around ten times more solar and wind power than under the government’s current trajectory. Just look at the enormous difference in the green and yellow sections of the above charts.

Our scenario calls for 1,500 GW of Indian photovoltaic generation capacity by 2030. This will be tough but is certainly not impossible. First India must keep on track with its 100 GW by 2022 plan and continue to boost its solar panel manufacturing industry to compete with China. Perhaps then, with a little nudge from the private sector and small community cooperatives, we might well witness a true energy revolution.


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